John McCormack on Film

Extant Recordings




John McCormack appeared in two commercial motion pictures during his career. The first, Song O' My Heart (1929), was a vehicle designed especially for him to appear in a starring role. The second, Wings of the Morning (1936), was a drama in which he had a cameo appearance as himself. Song O' My Heart was the first full length movie whicn starred an operatic singer. The story was built around his role as a singer whose attributes were essentially those of McCormack the man. The story by Tom Barry and Sonya Levien was that of an Irish singer who interrupts his career in order to return to Ireland to care for the children of his childhood sweetheart, who, married to another who has abandoned her, dies during the story.





SONG O' MY HEART

McCormack signed a contract for $500,000 with the William Fox Corporation in May of 1929 in New York City. At that time neither the script of the movie nor the title had been determined. It had originally been thought that a contract for two movies for the sum of $1,000,000 would be signed, but this plan was abandoned pending the outcome of the first effort. Incidental scenes were filmed in Ireland near Moore Abbey (McCormack's residence at the time) in August of 1929. Other scenes to be filmed in Ireland had been planned, but, except for two short sequences, the balance of the movie was filmed in Hollywood between 25 November 1929 and 16 January 1930. The film was directed by Frank Borzage, shown above with McCormack and Schneider.

It has not been possible to assign precise dates to the various scenes in the movie, including those which contain musical performances by McCormack. The filming of each scene in all cases included the recording on film at that time of any musical selections in that scene.

Thus the original film is the master for the musical recordings. The entire film was shot not only on the standard 35mm film but also in separate takes in the 70mm format developed by Fox studios (known as "Fox Grandeur").

The soundtrack of the 35mm film was 2mm wide, while that of the 70mm film was 7mm wide, reputedly yielding superior sound reproduction. The 70mm format had been used in several previous Fox releases, but for Song O' My Heart the 70mm version is not known to have been released, and it is not known to have survived. Films to be released in the 70mm format were filmed in both 35mm and 70mm versions, and this required that each scene be filmed twice. Thus there were two separate sets of musical recordings, one for each size of film.

Only the 35mm version is known to have survived for Song O' My Heart. The concert sequence was filmed in Los Angeles Philharmonic Auditorium. Other than the two scenes filmed in Ireland (which included "A Fairy Story by the Fire" and "Just For Today"), the remaining scenes were all filmed at the Fox Movietone Studios in Hollywood, California.

In its original form Song O' My Heart had full dialog on the soundtrack along with the musical numbers. For foreign release, however, the dialog in English was replaced by a continuous musical score which was interrupted only for McCormack's singing. Intertitles such as those used for movies in the silent era were used in the various languages of the countries in which the film was released.

The no-dialog versions thus produced were known as "synchronized" versions. This version was originally thought to contain two songs which the dialog version did not: Plaisir d'Amour and All'mein Gedanken." These two songs, however, are included in the dialog version released on videotape by VAI in 1991.

Another song recorded for the film, O Mary Dear is known to have been used only in that synchronized version produced with Spanish intertitles and is not known to have survived. The song Bantry Bay was originally intended to have been included in the film, but it is not known to have been performed for the filming.

Song O' My Heart premiered at the 44th Street Theatre in New York City on 11 March 1930 with much fanfare and was critically well received, although it proved subsequently not a financial success. Following its engagements here and abroad, it vanished, and all copies of the film were long believed to have been lost or destroyed in a warehouse fire in the 1940's.

A print of a synchronized version, however, was discovered in the Fox vaults by Miles Kreuger, and soon thereafter the movie received its first showing in nearly four decades on 16 July 1971 at New York's Museum of Modern Art. Mr. Kreuger's article about the film provides further interesting background information, not otherwise widely known.

Several years later a full dialog version was discovered and restored by Donald and Victoria Quinn. This print was presented in New York on 19 October 1974, as part of their celebration of the 90th anniversary of McCormack's birth.This full dialog version was available on VHS videotape for several years (ca. 1991-1994) from VAI, Video Artists International (New York). This issue is sadly now out of print.

The musical selections by McCormack from the film original have been released on long playing discs on three occasions. The "John McCormack Society of Greater Kansas City" issued the musical selections on a privately produced LP in the early 1970's (no issue number), which is thought to derive from the restored version of the film issued on VAI videotape. The sound quality was good throughout. It also included the closing orchestral music. Several years later the same selections were released by Pearl Records in the UK, also with acceptable sound. A third LP was privately issued by UORC Records (produced by the late Edward J. Smith). This release suffered from variable sound quality: the volume fades in and out, final notes are clipped, and there is extraneous noise.


Song O' My Heart - Cast and Credits

              Sean O'Carolan    John McCormack

                   Mary O'Brien    Alice Joyce      
                 Eileen O'Brien    Maureen O'Sullivan      
                    Tad O'Brien    Tommy Clifford      
               Fergus O'Donnell    John Garrick      
                           Mona    Effie Ellsler      
                   Peter Conlon    J.M. Kerrigan  
                   Joe Rafferty    J. Farrell MacDonald  
              Elizabeth Kennedy    Emily Fitzroy      
                Vincent Glennon    Edwin Schneider      
                          Guido    Andres de Segurola      
               Dennis Fullerton    Edward Martindel  
        
                       Director    Frank Borzage      
             Assistant Director    Lew Borzage      
               Story and Dialog    Tom Barry      
                     Continuity    Sonia Levien      
                       Settings    Harry Oliver      
                       Costumes    Sophie Wachner      
                 Sound Engineer    George Costello      
      Photography, 35mm version    Chester Lyons and Al Brick      
      Photography, 70mm version    J.0. Taylor      
                         Editor    Margaret V. Clancy       


An additional song, "In the Place Where They Make the Gas," was sung by J.M.
Kerrigan without accompaniment at one point in the story.


WINGS OF THE MORNING

The second film in which McCormack appeared, Wings of the Morning, was the first British Technicolor film and starred Henry Fonda. It's plot was intricate, set in Ireland during a span of 50 years, involving gypsies, horse racing, and life amongst the gentry in rural Ireland. McCormack made a cameo appearance as himself in an informal concert sequence unrelated to the story. The three selections were recorded on film during the summer of 1936 on an undetermined date.

On the set of Wings of the Morning: McCormack, Henry Fonda, & Annabella

Other film footage that exists of McCormack is usually silent film. The 26 June 1932 performance of "Panis Angelicus" at the Pontifical High Mass of the 31st Inter- national Eucharistic Congress (Phoenix Park, Dublin) was filmed, but the recording that survives is derived from the BBC broadcast of this service.


We are indebted to Miles Kreuger for most of the discographic and background detail regarding Song O' My Heart presented in this section. We would welcome further information on any other extant film recordings by McCormack.


JOHN McCORMACK - FILM RECORDINGS

SONG O' MY HEART

Fox Film Corporation, 1929-30

Fox Movietone Sound on Film process

Each of the following selections was recorded at least twice, once on 35 mm
film and again on 70 mm film, during the shooting of each scene in each
format.  Only the recordings from the 35 mm film soundtrack are known to have
survived.  The 70mm "takes," although known to have been made, are presumed
lost and unpublished.  Thus, the discographic information below may be
assumed to be that for only the 35mm film recordings, which have survived as
described above.  The LP issued by the John McCormack Society of Greater
Kansas City is abbreviated J.M.A. LP.  No re-issues on CD are known (as of
spring 1997).


                                                            Long Play               Videotape        

AUGUST 1929.  Recorded in the vicinity of Moore Abbey,
      County Kildare, Ireland)
                                                                 
With Edwin Schneider, piano:                                     

A Fairy Story by the Fire                                   Pearl GEMM 188          VAI 69067
                                                            J.M.A. LP
                                                            UORC-107

With Edwin Schneider, organ:

Just for Today                                              Pearl GEMM 188          VAI 69067
                                                            J.M.A. LP
                                                            UORC-107


                                                            
Notes:
The recordings of A Fairy Story by the Fire on the Kansas City LP and on the
VAI VHS Videotape are different.  In the former the little girl exclaims after the song 
"... I like that story...," whereas in the VAI all-talkie videotape she says "...that's lovely..."                                                            

                                                            
                                                                                                                        
25 NOVEMBER 1929 THROUGH 16 JANUARY 1930. Fox Studios,
       Hollywood, California.

With Edwin Schneider, piano:

THE BOHEMIAN GIRL: When coldness or deceit                  Pearl GEMM 188          VAI 69067
   (2nd verse only)                                         J.M.A. LP
                                                            UORC-107

I Feel You Near Me                                          Pearl GEMM 188          VAI 69067
                                                            J.M.A LP
                                                            UORC-107

Kitty, My Love, Will You Marry Me?                          Pearl GEMM 188          VAI 69067
                                                            J.M.A. LP
                                                            UORC-107
                                                            Pearl GEMM 176e
                                                            Pearl GEMM 160

The Rose of Tralee                                          Pearl GEMM 188          VAI 69067
                                                            J.M.A. LP
                                                            UORC-107

0 Mary Dear (see discussion above)                          unpublished


With Fox Studio Orchestra conducted by Arthur Kay (?):

A Pair of Blue Eves                                         Pearl GEMM 188          VAI 69067
                                                            J.M.A. LP
                                                            UORC-107

Unaccompanied:

The Magpie's Nest                                           Pearl GEMM 188          VAI 69067
                                                            J.M.A. LP

Recorded in Los Angeles Philharmonic Auditorium,
   5th and Grand, Los Angeles, California:

With Edwin Schneider, piano:

Luoghi sereni e cari                                        Pearl GEMM 188          VAI 69067
                                                            J.M.A. LP
                                                            UORC-107

Little Boy Blue                                             Pearl GEMM 188          VAI 69067
                                                            J.M.A. LP
                                                            UORC-107

Plasir d'Amour                                              Pearl GEMM 188          VAI 69067
                                                            J.M.A. LP
                                                            UORC-107

All'mein Gedanken ("Minnelied")                             Pearl GEMM 188          VAI 69067
                                                            J.M.A. LP
                                                            UORC-107

Ireland, Mother Ireland                                     Pearl GEMM 188          VAI 69067
                                                            J.M.A. LP
                                                            UORC-107

I Hear You Calling Me                                       Pearl GEMM 188          VAI 69067
                                                            J.M.A. LP
                                                            UORC-107




In 1930 the soundtrack of the movie was transferred to discs by the Victor
Company for use in those theatres which could not utilize the sound-on-film
of the original reels. None of these transcription discs is known to have
survived.  Entire soundtrack of U.S. version (9 reels) re-recorded to disc
for use in theatres lacking sound-on-film equipment:

MVE 62870-lA, 2, 2A      Reel No.  1
MVE 62871-IA, 2, 2A      Reel No.  2
MVE 62872-lA, 2, 2A      Reel No.  11
MVE 62873-IA, 2, 2A      Reel No.  4
MVE 62874-1, 1A, 2A      Reel No.  5
MVE 62875-lA, 2, 2A      Reel No.  6
MVE 62876-1, IA, 2, 2A   Reel No.  7
MVE 62877-lA, 2, 2A      Reel No.  8
MVE 62878-lA, 2, 2A      Reel No.  9

It is not known whether the two additional reels of the foreign versions were
transferred to disc.


WINGS OF THE MORNING

Twentieth Century Fox Films
SUMMER 1936. Elstree, Hertfordshire, England.

With Orchestra:                                        Long-Play
                                                       Re-Issues

Believe Me If All Those Endearing Young Charms         AU 4792
                                                       MRF 5

Killarney                                              AU 4792
                                                       MRF 5
                                                       
The Dawning of the Day                                 AU 4792
                                                       MRF 5


Notes:

A portion of Killarney from the Wings of the Morning Soundtrack was
re-recorded onto matrix CA 16287-2 (78 rpm) and issued as part of Voices of
the Stars "in aid of the Cinematograph Benevolent Fund," ca. 1938.

Most of the singing of The Dawning of the Day is obscured by film
dialog.

This film is available on VHS videotape from more than one supplier of classic films.




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Paul W. Worth 1997

pwworth@moontower.com